You will also notice some numbering on the top right corner in the example. This is usually provided by the committee chair and is just a way to number the different resolutions — usually by the order they are received or approved — so that delegates can easily differentiate or reference them.
The pre-ambulatory clauses states all the issues that the committee wants to resolve on this issue. It may state reasons why the committee is working on this issue and highlight previous international actions on the issue.
Pre-ambulatory clauses can include:. First, take a statement that you want to write about perhaps an issue you want to solve or a specific fact from one of the five bullet points above. You then take that statement, combine it with an underlined pre-ambulatory phrase, and end it with a comma.
In general, you want fewer pre-ambulatory clauses than operative clauses. More operative clauses convey that you have more solutions than you have problems. Operative clauses state the solutions that the sponsors of the resolution proposes to resolve the issues.
The operative clauses should address the issues specifically mentioned in the pre-ambulatory clauses above it. First, take a solution that you want to include in the draft resolution. You then take that solution, combine it with an underlined operative phrase, and end it with a semicolon the last operative clause ends with a period. Operative clauses are also numbered. This differentiates them from pre-ambulatory clauses, helps show logical progression in the resolution, and makes the operative clauses easy to refer to in speeches and comments.
Usually more details in an operative clause will make it stronger or at least make the idea more clear to other delegates. These details can actually be broken down into sub-operative clauses underneath the main operative clause. Approved draft resolutions are modified through amendments. An amendment is a written statement that adds, deletes or changes an operative clause in a draft resolution.
The amendment process is used to strengthen consensus on a resolution by allowing delegates to change the operative clauses the pre-ambulatory clauses can not be modified. There are two types of amendments:. This also refers to delegates who did not write this resolution at all but see potential in it as long as several changes are made to it. The sponsors of the amendment will need to obtain a required number of signatories in order to introduce it.
Prior to voting on the draft resolution, the committee votes on all unfriendly amendments. Writing an amendment is very simple. All you have to do is make an operative clause that adds, deletes, or changes an operative clause in a draft resolution. This will make the phrases very easy to reference to when delegates need to write them in committee. Most major conferences also provide their own list in their conference program or website.
I also recommend practicing translating ideas into pre-ambulatory and operative clauses if you are not used to it already. You can do this with your class — have someone mention an issue within their topic and then have students come up with a pre-ambulatory clause for it or have someone propose a solution and then have students come up with different operative clauses for it.
Sooner or later, you will become fluent in writing them and have memorized your favorite clauses so that you can easily turn any statement into a clause. If this is too basic, then read our article on How to Debate Resolutions or get our book How to Win Awards in Model United Nations which has a chapter discussing strategies for resolutions.
How to Teach Model UN: If a clause need further explanation if can be divided into sub clauses, as can be seen below. Calls on all relevant actors, including when negotiating and implementing peace agreements, to take into account, as appropriate, the participation and views of youth, recognising that their marginalisation is detrimental to building sustainable peace in all societies, including, inter alias, such specific aspects as: Clauses can be amended, struck out and new ones added in between other clauses.
For this reason a clause needs to be able to stand alone. Looking back up, some of the examples given were from real UN resolutions and some from Model UN resolutions. While not always intuitive in structure, this form of writing can be duplicated into clear operative clauses. To stay relevant a delegate needed to stay part of the 4 sponsors.
This was difficult as every merger knocked two off each side. As a chair, one method I have used to see who was actually involved in the process, and understood the content, was limiting the number of delegates who could take part in a panel of authors. I ask only to come up to present the resolution and whoever the delegates chose between themselves almost always knew best.
It seemed that they did not care who they voted for as long as they were on a draft. Later, as a chair, I remembered this and it was the country's only on one-two documents that we took seriously. Ideally you will be the center of your block because you found a good clash, have a good idea and can lead the mix of different policies with your most relevant and reality changing one.
You can be sponsor on one and a signatory on the other. You can also be on two and vote against a third. If someone is too controlling on the draft resolution, you are likely not the only one who is disenfranchised.
Find a few of them, work on your own clauses and if you come with a sufficiently sized voting block you will have more bargaining power in the later discussion than if you let someone else write everything.
If delegates stood around and let the writer dictate everything I would say they deserve to have someone else take or marginalize their ideas.
It can seem so at first but it is really taking the CIA concept and turning it into legal jargon with a perambulatory or operative phrase at the beginning of the sentence. Once the idea is in writing the debate continues and you continue to fight to get your idea passed with a majority.
Before a conference, take a step beyond reading previous resolutions as written in the research section. Try to write out a few clauses of your own.
When you write clauses at home, with relevant preambs and in succession, you will have a base that when the resolution writing part starts you will be able to adapt your ideas to the debate in the room. How to write a resolution for model UN is a critical part of guiding your idea from opening speech to a successfully voted on resolution.
The clauses are the policy you speak in written form. Precedents from similar situations, statements from officials and other. When to sponsor, be a signatory, non-aligned or vote against?
What is a Model United Nations resolution? The goal of the round A consensus to improve upon the status quo The result of diplomacy, ingenuity and effective compromise.
Solve the problem in an effective manner Which suits our country's goals Have a majority to pass it When planning a resolution try to make it fit the MUN Triangle.
A resolution contains all the proposed solutions to a topic. Learning to write a resolution is very important because the ultimate goal of the committee sessions is for delegates to come up with written solutions to the problems they are trying to solve.
Reaffirming its Resolution 33/ of 25 July , which encourages Governments to work with UN bodies aimed at improving the coordination and effectiveness of humanitarian assistance, Noting with satisfaction the past efforts of various relevant UN bodies and nongovernmental organizations.
How to Write a Resolution By Contributing Writer. Resolutions are often a means of adopting specific policies or positions. Businesses, governments and even faith based organizations often employ the use of resolutions as a means of setting policies or authorizing the creation of new committees, departments or other functioning sub . Writing a Resolution Resolutions are your opportunity to address problems, situations, or concerns which affect children and youth and which require local action for solutions. Resolutions are an important part of PTAs advocacy efforts as .
An effective resolution is one that conveys a sense of the issue or problem that led to the proposed action, provides an explanation or justification for the particular proposed solution, gives the reader enough background so he/she can understand. Keep resolutions with other books and important documents and have a backup copy in another location. Resolutions can also be kept with the meeting minutes, because they are legally binding documents. How to Write a Resolution. Format the resolution by putting the date and resolution number at the top.